How to recognize the symptoms of multiple sclerosis

How to recognize the symptoms of multiple sclerosis

The multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord; It presents many symptoms and can cause neurological and motor deterioration during its development. The causes that the triggers are still unknown and there is no cure yet.

Moose medicines they hardly help to mitigate the effects caused by this pathology or to modify its development, for this reason doctors pay attention to the symptoms that may appear so that you can take action rush.


The Barraquer Ophthalmological Clinic states that “inflammation of the optic nerve can be the first manifestation or first shot disease in 20-30% of patients’. It has been observed that “up to 50% of patients with multiple sclerosis will develop in the course of disease“.

The important thing is to see how to find out affection. Specialists point out that it usually causes blurred vision, especially central, and also a interference when it comes to color vision, red is more common. All this happens a week or ten 10 after he had optic neuritis.


Another frequent symptom of this eye pathology is dolor retroocular. Up to 90% of patients suffer from it and it intensifies with eye movements. All this is caused by inflammation, which occurs mainly in the head optic nerve or sometimes behind the optic nerve head, Barraquer points out.

They are used to relieve all these pains corticosteroids, as it is also given to patients with sclerosis. They help to restore vision faster from a flare-up and symptoms endure less.


But out problems eye, one of the most affected parts of MS is motor. That’s why you need to be careful about losses balancemuscle spasms or insensitivity or abnormal sensations in any part body.

Another of the most common conditions are problems walking or moving arms and legs, especially coordination. A good indicator is the difficulties and what to do small movements or weakness in the limbs, as well as tremors in one or both arms or legs.


There is no medicine yet that can cure it disease. In addition to corticosteroids, which help with pain, immunomodulatory therapy is increasingly being shown, especially if it is applied after the first episodebecause it delays the second.

Director of the Center for Multiple Sclerosis in Catalonia (CemCat), Xavier Montalban, emphasized that over the past 20 years, the approach to the disease and the quality of life of patients have improved in a “clear and apparent” way, although it is a disease that still cannot be cured. Moreover, it is a degenerative disease, the patient has been getting worse for years.


MS affects about 47,000 people in Spain Spanish Neurological Society (DREAM). And both in the country and in the rest of the world, it has been found to affect more women than men and is diagnosed more often between the ages of 20 and 40.

In any case, Montalbán points out that “a very considerable effort“about drugs that inhibit BTK (Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase), a small selective molecule potentially able to penetrate the brain, protect it and modify the course of the disability.


New drugs in late stages essays that can halt the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) and a possible vaccine that prevents Epstein-Barr virus infection are new “windows of opportunity” to change the paradigm of this neurodegenerative disease.

There are currently an estimated 11 pharmaceutical trials in phase III and the first are expected. Result one of them by the end of this year.


One way to work on exploits is through virus capabilities Epstein-Barrthe one that causes mononucleosis and has been shown to be a “necessary condition” for the development of multiple sclerosis.

In each case, infection with this virus does not mean that sclerosis will appear later: “95% of people have a infection Epstein-Barr during their lifetime and only a few, a few, will suffer from sclerosis,” emphasized Montalbán, who is also head of the neurology service at Vall d’Hebron Hospital.

Risk factors

Based on this virus, scientists are studying whether it would be possible to design a vaccine that would be administered to children before the first infection, which could reduce risk of infection or severe and see if it also helps prevent MS.

Like most diseases, MS has a part genetic predispositionbut there are also risk factors for the development of the disease and a worse prognosis that a person can influence, such as tobacco, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, poor sleep, head injury or vitamin D deficiency.

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